Mexico is the third largest trading partner of the United States and the second largest export market for U.S. products. In 2018, Mexico was our third largest trading partner (after Canada and China) and the second largest export market. Total trade in goods and services totaled $678 billion and this trade directly and indirectly supports millions of jobs in the United States. In 2018, the United States sold $265 billion in U.S. products to Mexico and $34 billion in services for a total of $299 billion in U.S. sales to Mexico. Mexico is the top or second largest export destination for 27 U.S. states. Economists generally agreed that the U.S. economy as a whole benefited from NAFTA by increasing trade.   In a 2012 survey by the Global Markets Initiative`s panel of economic experts, 95% of participants said that U.S. citizens benefited on average from NAFTA, while no one said that NAFTA was detrimental to U.S.
citizens on average.  A review of the 2001 Journal of Economic Perspectives showed that NAFTA was a net benefit to the United States.  A 2015 study showed that welfare in the United States increased by 0.08% and intra-block trade in the United States by 41% due to NAFTA tariff reductions.  Mr. Barutciski acknowledged that “NAFTA and other investor protection contracts create an anomaly in that Canadian companies that have also revoked their authorizations by the same Quebec legislation explicitly prohibiting the payment of compensation are not entitled to assert a NAFTA right” and that it would be more difficult “to obtain compensation in Canadian courts for domestic companies in this case in canadian companies in this case. , because the Constitution establishes property rights in the province.”  The overall effect of the mexican-U.S. agricultural agreement is controversial. Mexico has not invested in the infrastructure needed for competition, such as efficient railways and highways. This has led to more difficult living conditions for the country`s poor. Mexico`s agricultural exports increased by 9.4% per year between 1994 and 2001, while imports increased by only 6.9% per year over the same period.  Under NAFTA, the three signatories agreed to remove barriers to trade between them. By removing tariffs, NAFTA has increased investment opportunities.
Before sending it to the U.S. Senate, Clinton added two subsidiary agreements, the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC) and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to protect workers and the environment, as well as to allay the concerns of many members of the House of Representatives. The United States has required its partners to comply with similar environmental practices and regulations. [Citation required] After much attention and discussion, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act on November 17, 1993. Supporters of the deal included 132 Republicans and 102 Democrats. The legislation passed the Senate on November 20, 1993, 61-38.  The Supporters of the Senate were 34 Republicans and 27 Democrats.