The Enhanced Defence Cooperation Agreement (EDCA), signed in April 2014 under President Benigno Aquino III, serves to operationalize the VFA. Military activities approved by the Philippines are also part of the VFA. The executive agreement provides for an increased rotational military presence of U.S. troops, aircraft and ships in the Philippines, giving them wider access to the country`s military bases. LAVs should specify the conditions under which foreign military personnel can operate. Typically, a VFA primarily deals with legal issues associated with military persons and property. This may include issues such as entry and exit into the country, tax obligations, postal services or the conditions of employment of nationals of the host country, but the most contentious issues are the civil and criminal jurisdiction of visiting staff. For civil cases, the AVV provide for the manner in which civil damages caused by the armed forces are determined and paid. Criminal issues vary, but the typical provision of U.S. CFVs is that U.S. military courts have jurisdiction over crimes committed either by one soldier against another soldier or by a soldier as part of his or her military service, but the host country retains jurisdiction over other crimes.
A Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) is an agreement between a country and a foreign country in which military forces visit that country. The visiting force agreements have a similar intent to the status-of-forces agreements (SOFA). A VFA usually covers temporary visits to staff, while a SOFA usually covers forces stationed in the host country, as well as visiting staff. If the VFA ends, what happens to other military treaties and agreements with the United States? On the 11. In February, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte announced that Manila would terminate the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) between the United States and the Philippines, an agreement authorized by the United States, among others. The military must have freedom of movement within and within the Philippines. Duterte`s decision was greeted in Washington with deep concern about the potential impact on the Indo-Pacific Strategy (PDF), which is primarily aimed at countering China`s growing assertiveness. The VFA contains rules for the entry and exit of U.S. personnel in the Philippines, the movement of military ships and aircraft, and the import and export of equipment and accessories related to activities covered by the agreement.
Andrew Yeo is an associate professor of politics at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., and currently a Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of the Philippines Diliman. Sein jüngstes Buch ist “Asia`s Regional Architecture: Alliances and Institutions in the Pacific Century” (Stanford University Press, 2019). . . .